These two types of resin driveways are often confused. Often, I hear homeowners ask, can I have a resin bonded driveway installed, while in essence, they’re looking for a resin bounded driveway. This begs the question, is a resin bound and a resin bonded driveway the same?

Honestly, they are not! They are in fact uniquely different.

A Resin bound surfacing provides an environmentally friendly, water-permeable surface when laid on any stable sub-base such as asphalt or concrete surface. Essentially, the resin-bound mixture has open voids across the surface, allowing surface runoff to filter through the structure and also allows for free air flow.

Resin driveways are most ideal for making a permeable system for paths, driveways, tree pits and areas prone to water puddling. The super-smooth resin bound drives are surfacing, with no loose stones, is suitable for wheelchair access and is tough enough to withstand pressure washing.

By contrast, resin bonded driveway surfacing is a non-permeable matrix and must be laid on a non-porous fine wearing course asphalt or concrete base. With resin bonded surfacing, ACO drains and soak ways must be installed to prevent pesky surface run-off which could lead to flooding.


Resin bound driveway surfacing is made from a blend of quartzite, shingle, or crushed granite smoothly coated with a clear UV-stable resin. A force-action mix process is used to form a cold-pour mixture of aggregate particles completely coated in resin.

The cold-pour mixture is then poured on a newly placed or existing stable sub-base and is hand-troweled to form a smooth, porous surface with no loose stones. It is recommended that the resin bound driveway surface be laid to a minimum depth of 15mm for a patio, footpath, pool surround, or terrace and 18mm for car parks and driveways.

A resin bound driveway is, therefore, characteristically:
• permeable,
• smooth surface that allows water to sip in hence allowing for SUDs compliance.


On the other hand, resin bonded drives surfacing is laid by sprinkling loose aggregate onto the resin. A layer of UV stable resin is first laid on a stable surface, before loose aggregates such as shingles, crushed granite or quartzite is splayed on the resin layer.

It’s a great, low-cost option for re-development projects or for giving a project an instant facelift. However, due to the continuous resin layer, resin bonded drives are not permeable, meaning that water will flow off your driveway. This may escalate the flooding menace when largely used in urban developments.

When improperly done, resin bonded driveway surfacing is not as durable as resin bound paving. Why? Well, majorly because the bonded aggregate particles may loosen over time due to their stand-alone course finishing. Similarly, water puddles forming on the surface will leave chemical deposits on the surface, ultimately, deteriorating the chemical composition of resin.

Depending on the aggregate size [1-3mm], the depth is generally 3mm. The resin bonded driveways are characteristically:

• non-permeable,
• Have a rough surface finishing
• Non-compliant with SUDs regulations


Resin bound and resin bonded driveways can be placed on multiple existing driveway surfacing. The surface should be dry and clear of dust and other loose materials. Some of the surfaces where resin bound and resin bonded paving can be laid over include:

• Grid structures: the resin drives can be laid directly onto the compacted stone that has been in-filled with gravel.
• Crushed Rock: resin bound driveways can be laid on crushed rock especially if the walkway will have low pedestrian traffic and no vehicular access.
• Asphalt (Tarmac): Resin bound driveways with moderate vehicular access can be laid on an existing or a newly installed asphalt surface. The asphalt surface should be structurally sound and crack free.
• Concrete Surface: Resin bound or resin bonded driveway can be laid on a structurally sound and crack free concrete base that has been thoroughly cleaned and primed. In the case of a new concrete surfacing, a minimum of 7 days is recommended before installation of resin driveway atop.


Planning & Designing Your Indoor Gardening

Indoor gardening is a practical and convenient option for people who have limited space for a garden. It is a great idea for an apartment that does not have a balcony. This gardening option is something that you can explore especially if you are a novice or beginner in gardening. With this, you can turn your little corner inside the house into a flourishing spot filled with appealing plants. In this article, you will learn more of the tips on how to plan and design your own indoor garden fitted for your home.

As you plan for an indoor garden design, make sure that you consider all possible factors and options. You must decide on the kind of plants you want to plant and grow for your indoor garden. The next thing to do is to pick a better location where the plants are to be planted. Make sure that the location will give enough exposure of sunlight to the plants. In case you choose plants that need shade instead of sunlight, you can choose a location under the windowsill. With this, the plants will be protected from the sun.

The area of the indoor garden must be properly secured off. This means that nothing will go inside and outside of the garden to maintain cleanliness and neatness of the environment. A proper drainage of the water is also important for an indoor garden. It is a fact that all plants need water but you have to ensure that excess water coming from the soil of the plants is properly drained. This is to avoid messing up the entire surroundings.

Among the indoor gardening ideas that you can try are the herb garden, flower garden, vegetable garden, and cactus garden. An herb garden surely looks prettier in home interior. Those lush green herbs, when combined with the enticing aroma of the air, give exquisite flavor and sense of peace to the surroundings of the house. If you do not want those herb plants on the ground, you can choose to hang them instead as garden planters. The herb options that can you can choose for your plants are curry leaves, thyme, coriander, and more.

A miniature flower garden can be achieved even if you do not have a full-fledged landscape for your flower plants. This type of indoor garden is great if you choose flowers that bloom in different colors such as orchids, gerbera daisies, and roses. Such flowers will surely look stunning in your indoor garden especially if their colors compliment well with the contrasting colors of the walls.

A vegetable garden is a popular, very useful, and practical indoor gardening idea. It is usually done as container gardening but you can always plant vegetables directly to the ground if you have an allotted corner or balcony in the house. Tomatoes and chilies are good options for your vegetable garden. If possible, avoid tubers and roots for your indoor garden, as this may get quite messy.

A cactus garden is an eccentric yet fabulous indoor gardening idea. You can plant different varieties of cactus plants in this garden and combine it with other colorful accessories. Since cactus plants are hard, you do not have to worry much about taking care of them or watering them. These plants normally take care and water themselves.

Other best indoor garden plants that you can prefer are Philodendrons, Ferns, Poinsettias, Mother-in-laws Tongue, Peace Lilies, Moth Orchid, Snapdragons, Lady Palm, and many more.